How Therapy For Depression Has Changed Over The Years

 

The World Health Organization reports that over 300M people around the globe and across all ages suffer from depression. Of this staggering amount, far fewer than half get any treatment for such a disorder.

 

While this percentage still seems small, more and more people are getting professional help each day. Treatment for depression has radically changed since depression was even first discovered to be an actual issue.

 

In this article, let’s explore what exactly has changed in the world of depression and treatment. Despite some stigma still existing today, you’ll be glad you didn’t live in the past.

 

Ancient Era

During ancient times, people would attribute mental illness as a spiritual problem. People cited evil spirits and demons as causes of depression. Because of this, they would go to religious leaders for help. Treatment came in the form of starvation, physical restraint, and even severe beatings. This treatment was prevalent in Chinese and Egyptian cultures.

 

As for the Greeks, people credit Hippocrates, father of medicine, to be the first to come up with a somewhat formal idea about depression. Called melancholia during their time, he believed that an imbalance of body fluids or “humors” was responsible for depression. Melancholia was specifically caused by too much black bile from the spleen. Treatment was diet, exercise, and bloodletting.

 

Roman philosopher Cicero would later theorize that the cause of depression was psychological issues such as grief, fear, and anger.

 

 

Common Era

During the Common Era (or equivalently, anno Domini), many people still believed that beatings and starvation should cure mental illness. One doctor, however, stood out. Persian physician and philosopher Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi or Rhazes would see mental illness differently. He believed that the brain had something to do with depression. The philosopher also believed in providing rewards for good behavior – an early form of behavioral therapy.

 

17th Century

In 1621, Robert Burton published a book entitled “The Anatomy of Melancholy.” In this book, the English scholar described social and psychological reasons behind melancholy. These reasons included fear, poverty, and social isolation, which was the further work on the earlier theory of philosopher Cicero.

 

18th Century: The Age Of Enlightenment

Despite its name, many people continued to misunderstand mental illness during the Age of Enlightenment. For ordinary folk, they said this as something that people should be locked up for. Thus, those who suffered from depression were often isolated from society and did not receive the care they needed.

 

In the latter part of this era, other doctors tried to come up with alternative theories. Some sought out physical causes of depression. Others philosophized that internal conflict was to blame as people struggled between what they wanted and what they knew was right.

 

19th Century

During the 19th century, there was a breakthrough in mental health. Emil Kraepelin, a German psychiatrist, distinguished the difference between manic depression and schizophrenia. He stated that there was a genetic basis for depression and much needed medical attention.

 

It was also around this time that psychoanalysis was starting to develop with the studies of Sigmund Freud.

 

20th Century

During the 1900s, Sigmund Freud would continue to hone his theory of psychoanalysis. This theory would include developing hypotheses and studies on depression. He would write about depression being a response to some form of loss. This loss would be either physical, like a death in the family, or symbolic, like not being able to achieve a goal.

 

However, the medical world would not immediately accept Freud’s theory. Many still saw depression as a physical disorder of the brain. Many patients went in for lobotomies and electroconvulsive therapy. Lobotomies meant to calm patients down by destroying the frontal portion of the brain. The man who started the procedure, Antonio Egas Moniz, even won a Nobel Prize for this.

 

 

Summary And Latest Developments

Today, many doctors have now come to see mental illness far differently from before. It is no longer seen as a spiritual problem caused by demons and spirits – at least in the medical field. Depression is now understood to be the leading cause of ill health.

 

Many psychiatrists are now equipped with updated knowledge of different treatment methods. Therapists are also trained individuals who can provide people with treatment such as talk therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and even medication.

 

The only obstacle left between people and treatment is social stigma. We now have many proven methods that help with depression. We need only stand up and take control of our lives by taking the first step towards therapy.

 

 

 …

What Are Therapy Anxieties And How To Overcome Them?

 

 

Asking someone to go to therapy will, more often than not, yield an outcome wherein the involved would go on full force defensive mode, immediately denying that there’s something wrong with his or her current disposition. There is a reason a person would vehemently renounce any suggestion that would lead to getting an appointment with a therapist. And that can be referred to as therapy anxieties.…

Benefits of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy to Treat Anxiety

Cognitive behavioral therapy is a psychotherapy treatment used to treat issues such as sleeping disorders, depression, drug and alcohol abuse, anxiety, and etc. It is a short term treatment, which is goal-oriented and involves a practical approach. People’s behavior and patterns of thinking, that may be causing problems for the them, are sought to be changed so that it may result in a subsequent change in the way the individuals feel. It takes into account the beliefs, ideas and thoughts that determine the behavior and attitude of the concerned individuals and how these affect the way in which the individual reacts emotionally.…

Online Mental Health Chat Rooms

 

Maybe you are the type of person who is more comfortable communicating online than in person. Probably, you don’t like to sit face-to-face with someone.  Moreover, you are better with the written word than the spoken word.  Lastly, your schedule doesn’t have room for a therapist or group therapy appointment during traditional office hours. Chat rooms have gotten more secure and have safeguards in place to protect the participants.  If you need a depression chat room, that is one of the many types of mental health chat rooms available.

SAFETY TIPS

*Never say anything in a chat room that you don’t want the public to know, including your full name, your address, your phone number, your email address, etc.

*Don’t share social media accounts.

*Refrain from posting or sending a photo of yourself to anyone.

*Don’t open any attachments that are sent or posted.

*Never meet up in person on your own.

*Use only secured chat rooms.

FINDING THE BEST CHAT ROOM

You can Google or research mental health chat rooms online.  There are a plethora of sites to choose from. Just like with a therapist, you need to find one that fits your needs and comfort level.  Visiting several sites first will give you a good idea of what is out there. Each of them may offer something a little different.  Only choose one that you connect with and that you feel will give you the most support.

You may even ask your primary care provider or therapist if they know of any reputable, compassionate chat rooms.  If they don’t have any references, check your health insurance website because they may very well sponsor their own health chat rooms.

Fortunately, many mental health chat rooms are presented by reputable companies or health care professionals. It definitely can be a safe place to discuss specific issues you may be having.  Most mental health chat rooms are broken down into very specific needs. You know that going into the specific chat room will have everyone on the same page.  If you are someone who feels uncomfortable talking about your issues face-to-face, this option may be a better alternative until you feel more comfortable communicating vulnerabilities.

When going online to find a chat room, you will notice that the landing page for the various chat rooms will have a disclaimer and a code of conduct for the chat room.  You will need to click on the “yes I understand the rules and guidelines of this chat room” box.  We all hope that all chat room attendees are coming from a place of support and kindness and that they are there to help and get help.

EMERGENCY SITUATIONS

If you feel that you may want to hurt yourself or others, DO NOT go to a chat room. Call an emergency number, a close, trustworthy friend or family member.  If you feel that the chat room is not serving its purpose, you can also consult your primary care physician or a therapist.  The disclaimer on most/all of the chat rooms specify that the information in the chat rooms is not medical advice and should not be used as such.  If you are looking for a forum to get ideas or support, chat rooms are great.  However, they should not be used in place of professional mental health support.

Although moderators can kick out chatters who are being inappropriate, you may feel the need to report about the person, especially if they try to contact you outside the chat room, ask to meet, etc.  Cyber Tipline is a place where you can make that report.…

Is Group Therapy Right For Me

 

So you feel that therapy would be a good idea because you have been having some issues that you can’t quite solve on your own.  However, there are so many types of therapy out there. How do you decide which one is right for you?  Group therapy, where you meet in a group with others who have similar needs, is an option.   Are you ready to be vulnerable in front of others?  Are you willing to have a stranger’s chat, offline or online? Read on what Betterhelp has got to say on this and let’s see what group therapy is all about.…

The Use of CBT in Mental Health Problems

 

Source: addictionblog.org

The mind is capable of directing one’s perception, the manner of interpretation and demonstrating actions that it desires to present. In person’s suffering from some forms of mental disorders, researchers believe that cognitive function has basically an important function in modifying and controlling the physiological and behavioral symptoms until such time that they can regain control of situations that primarily lead them to these types of psychological distress.…

The Benefits Of Writing A Journal

Source: thetruthaboutcancer.com

I have a confession to make: I am a notebook junkie. I basically buy any notebook that I like. No, I don’t have OCD problems. There are reasons why I buy notebooks. I make them my journals. I actually have several active journals right now – work journal for my career and office work, personal and family journal, prayer journal, dream journal, food journal, travel journal and so on……

Which Outdoor Activities are the Most Therapeutic?

                                                              

Outdoor activities are not only good for your physical health. It’s also beneficial for your emotional and mental health. Outdoor activities are therapeutic because they help with building up confidence and one’s self-esteem. It’s also used by many people who are suffering from various mental health issues such as addiction, depression, trauma, stress, and other mental health issues.

Aside from being therapeutic, outdoor activities also keep us occupied and stress-free. Outdoor therapy is recommended by many mental health professionals. They are also used in recovery centers. It’s also good for kids who have suffered from trauma or any other mental health issues. Here’ are a couple of outdoor activities that are very therapeutic:

Ropes Courses

Abseiling and zip lining are examples of a rope course. This form of therapy is being used to treat many people who are suffering wfrommental health issues. Rope exercises strengthen both the upper and lower body. This type of exercise also improves the blood circulation. Rope exercises give us a huge advantage because it improves the sleep. The improvement of the blood flow also relaxes the body. Rope courses also help an individual with staying in shape. It increases both the cardiovascular and muscle strength.

Some people might be afraid at first. But, it can actually help in boosting your self-confidence and self-esteem. It takes you out of your comfort zone and leaves you with a sense of achievement. It’s very good for people who have suffered from trauma.

Equine Therapy

Horses were once upon a form of transportation. They have also provided us with many things over the years. The best one is their companionship and unconditional love. Horses are large animals and may seem intimidating. This helps with removing fear in people. This is also good for children and adults who have suffered from a  traumatic experience, especially physical abuse experiences.

Building a relationship and friendship with a horse also helps people by letting them find that companionship and trust in horses. Working as a team with the rider and the horse brings a sense of achievement to the rider.

People also find it easier to connect with horses. Unlike people, horses are not judgmental. They are sensitive animals. Riders are also taught on how to behave around horses and how to handle them too. This does not only break fear within people, but it can also increase one’s confidence and self-esteem. Many disturbed people have found comfort in horses and horse-riding.

Swimming

Swimming is one of the best exercises. It’s good for your cardiovascular health, lungs and even your mental health. Swimming can also be done at your own pace. It also relaxes the body, which makes it one of the best therapeutic outdoor activities. It’s also a great way to de-stress.

Adventure Therapy

Nature is not only one of the best therapy options for mental health conditions but it’s also very fun and good for your physical wellbeing. Some examples of adventure therapy are: hiking, camping, walking, kayaking, jogging etc. There’s a variety of adventure activities to choose from.

Adventure therapy also usually involves being exposed to the sun. Sun exposure is one of the easiest ways to get our daily dosage of vitamin D. Vitamin D has many benefits for our physical wellbeing.Specifically, it can help us to sleep better at night.

Adventure therapy is also used as a therapy treatment to treat many different types of mental health conditions. It’s a stress reliever and it is very relaxing. The sights, sounds and smells also help with relaxing the mind and body. It changes the chemistry in the brain and allows you to enjoy the simplest and most natural things in life. Adventure therapy is also a great way to keep fit, which also has a positive impact on your mental health.…

Finding Addiction Therapy

                                                         

Drug addiction is a devastating problem that’s continuously increasing in all communities worldwide. It is used among people of all age groups which include teens, young adults and even seniors. Addiction is a complex issue that requires immediate treatment. Not only will it affect an addict’s physical and mental health, but it can also affect the people around them. Many already lost their careers and family members due to addiction. Addiction can also result in overdose and death. It is extremely dangerous. It’s advisable to find a rehabilitation center and get admitted immediately.

 

This a typical treatment process that is used in drug rehabs:

  • Detoxification: This helps with getting rid of all the harmful toxins that alcohol and substances contain. In some cases, the detoxification process can have severe symptoms. That is why it’s important to be under medical supervision when detoxing.
  • Therapy and counseling: The therapists at rehab centers will work with the patient and find the root problem of the addiction. They will also help the patient to resolve their issues.
  • Medication: The professionals at the centers will prescribe medications according to the patient’s needs. Some might require medication to control the withdrawal symptoms, whilst some might be suffering from other mental health issues.
  • Evaluation: Some patients might suffer from dual diagnosis. This condition is when people have a drug or alcohol problem in conjunction with a mental health illness.
  • After care: After a patient completes their rehab treatment, after care is required to prevent relapse.

 

 

How to Find the Right Rehabilitation Center:

Whether you’re seeking drug treatment for yourself or for a loved one, you will need to do the necessary research. Addiction treatment is not a one size fits all kind of process. Each and every individual requires different types of treatment and therapy. When you’re searching for a rehab, ask them if they design special packages for their patients to suit their needs. Most rehabs usually do this, but find out first.

Make a list of all the rehabs that are close to you. Get reviews about them online or by word of mouth. It’s also a great idea to visit these rehab centers. By doing this, you can determine whether the rehab would be a good fit for you. Rehabs also offer different activities that are therapeutic. You should also inquire about this. You will also need to ask about payment and payment methods.

 

 

The Difference Between Outpatient and Inpatient Programs:

You can choose between an outpatient program and an inpatient program. Although, an inpatient program is more suitable and highly recommended by professionals, especially for long term users.

 

 

Outpatient Rehab Center

This type of treatment program doesn’t require patients to sleep in at the center. They can go back home at the end of the day, after receiving their therapy. This is a more flexible option than inpatient treatment. The professionals will offer the necessary therapy treatment and also prescribe medications as required. The first week of an outpatient program is usually intensive. Thereafter, it becomes less intensive. Cognitive therapy is used in an outpatient program. They also motivate the patients to live a sober life.

 

 

Inpatient Rehab Center

Inpatient rehab programs offer a safe, drug-free and stable environment which is essential in the beginning of one’s journey to recovery. It can last anywhere between 28-90 days. This usually depends on the individual’s needs. They also offer a variety of other therapeutic activities such as hiking, art therapy, animal assisted therapy, yoga etc. Each rehab has a different set of activities to offer. The chances of relapse are also reduced with an inpatient program. Round the clock treatment is also offered at inpatient rehab centers.…