What Is Psychotherapy?


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Psychotherapy is a common therapy treatment that is used in today’s time to treat various mental health conditions. It’s also trusted and used by many mental health professionals. The psychotherapy treatment process usually goes on for under a year, depending on the needs of the patient. Most psychotherapy sessions are typically around 1 hour and take place once a week.

Which Conditions is Psychotherapy Used to Treat and Who Can Benefit From it?

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A few conditions that psychotherapy is used for are depression, bipolar disorders, schizophrenia, addiction issues, low self-esteem issues and other mental health issues. People that suffer from mental issues, typically find it difficult to understand and express their feelings. Psychotherapy helps people to express their feelings and to help them deal with it in a healthy manner. Psychotherapy is also used to help families to deal with their issues, conflicts and disputes.


People who are unable to cope with sadness, everyday problems, stress, the inability to concentrate are most probably also those people who drink or abuse substances excessively and people who worry and stress unnecessarily.


How Does Psychotherapy Work?

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Psychotherapy is also known as ‘’talk therapy.’’ It focuses on allowing the patient to talk about their problems, rather than prescribing them with medications. Sometimes, psychotherapy is one-on-one. Other times, psychotherapy is conducted in groups. It all depends on the situation. The psychotherapist will help the patient get to the root of the problem. They will also help the patient to deal and to cope with their problems.


How to Choose a Psychotherapist


If you’ve decided that psychotherapy might be the answer to your problem, then you’ll need to consult your primary care physician. Your doctor will need to do a thorough and complete examination in order to determine any physical conditions. You can also ask your doctor to refer you to a psychotherapist. In some cases, consulting a psychiatrist might be necessary. Aside from that, some may even require medication to help with treatment along with psychotherapy treatment. Once you’ve found a therapist, you will need to be able to feel comfortable with them. They must also have the necessary qualifications to help.

The Types of Psychotherapy:

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Cognitive Therapy

Cognitive therapy focuses on the individuals present, rather than the past. It begins with what the patient thinks, which shapes the way he/she may feel. Individuals usually feel useless, helpless and negative towards oneself. Cognitive therapy usually goes hand in hand with behavior therapy, which addresses both behavior and thoughts.


Behavior Therapy

People who are emotionally stressed usually have behavioral issues. Behavioral therapy helps patients to behave in a healthy and positive way. It also teaches patients how to replace negative behavioral patterns with positive ones.


Psychodynamic Therapy

This therapy is used when all the others have failed. It also goes deeper than the other therapies. It addresses issues and incidents from the past, which have affected an individual. It also allows the patient to realize the impact that the past issues have on their present lives. The therapist will also help the patient to deal with all unresolved issues from the past, such as relationship issues, addiction etc.


Group Therapy

Many people don’t want to go down this route. However, by talking in a group and knowing that there are also others who are facing the same problems, you can actually help one another. It also helps those who feel isolated and lonely.


Interpersonal Therapy

This type of therapy is done to evaluate specific issues in a patient’s life. It focuses on the patient’s relationships and conflicts with others. It also helps with improving relationships, communicating better and coping with any issues. It’s beneficial for those who have social issues and relationship issues.


Family Therapy

This type of therapy is beneficial for families who have had conflicts and disputes. The therapist helps the family members to communicate with one another in a positive manner. It also helps with identifying the issues. This therapy can help them to break destructive and negative patterns.


Reference: Medical News Today